Firefox for Pentester: Hacktool

It’s very hard for a bug bounty hunter or a web application pentester to remember all the codes or to search for different payloads by searching it over google. So, what if we can get all the payload in one place so that you don’t have to hop from one site to another? For that, we have got a great extension called Hacktool that provides us with a cheat sheet that is very useful in performing web penetration testing. So, let’s start to explore all the functionalities that are provided by this extension.

Table of Contents

  • Configuring the Extension
  • Exploring Hacktool extension
    • Reverse Shell
    • Php Reverse Shell
    • TTY Spawn Shell
    • Useful Linux Commands
    • PowerShell Handy Commands
    • File Transfer
    • Local File Inclusion
    • Cross-Site Scripting
    • SQL Injection
    • Base64 Encoder/Decoder
    • Hash Generator
    • URL Encoder/Decoder
    • Hexadecimal Encoder/Decoder
    • Template Injection
    • Exploit Feed RSS
  • Conclusion

Configuring the Plugin

Hacktool extension is available for both Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox. You can simply visit their extension website or add on the store of the browser and search for hacktool over there to add this extension to your browser. Let us get this plugin over our browser. For Firefox, visit the link and then click on add to Firefox button:

You will get a prompt to add that extension to Firefox just press the Add button

After this, you will see that extension has been added to firefox.

Similarly, you can get this extension on your google chrome by clicking here. If you are interested in viewing its source code then click here.

Exploring the Hacktool Extension

There are various services provided by this extension. When you open up the extension you will see that there are various options present on the left-hand side of the extension. We will look for which of these can be useful and when.

Functionalities provided are:

  • Reverse Shell
  • Php Reverse Shell
  • TTY Spawn Shell
  • Useful Linux Command
  • PowerShell Handy Commands
  • File Transfer
  • Local File Inclusion
  • Cross-Site Scripting
  • SQL Injection
  • Base64 Encoder/Decoder
  • Hash Generator
  • URL Encoder/Decoder
  • Hexadecimal Encoder/Decoder
  • Template Injection
  • Exploit Feed RSS

Reverse Shell

When you will open the extension, you will be presented with the Reverse Shell. In this, there are various reverse shells present for different systems. You can use the payload based on the language used by the webpage or by the OS used by its server.

Let’s now see how we can use an exploit to get a reverse shell of Parrot OS machine on a kali machine.

In this, I have entered the kali machines IP and port which we will be using for listening to get the reverse shell. We will copy this bash command which I will paste into my parrot OS machine. First, let’s start a Netcat listener on the kali machine.

Now, our Netcat listener is up. We will be pasting out reverse shell on Parrot OS Terminal and press enter.

Let’s now have a look at our Netcat listener. We see that we have successfully obtained the parrot OS shell on the kali machine.

Php Reverse Shell

The second option present in hacktool is Php Reverse Shell. It’s an important option as most of the server’s support PHP and if there is unrestricted file upload present then you can upload your PHP reverse shell. Using this shell, you can get its terminal on your pc from where you can get crucial information out of it. Let us have a look at how we can use it for a real attack.

Boot your bWAPP vulnerable application and navigate to the unrestricted file upload section keeping the security level set to low.

Now we will download a payload from the PHP reverse shell option by setting our machine’s IP and port on which we will be listening.

Then we will download the Pentestmonkey’s reverse shell in our PC and save the file as can be seen in the below image.

Now we will start to listen on the port we specified using Netcat on my Kali Linux machine.

Now we will browse our shell and click on the upload

After the file is uploaded, we will have to click on here as shown in the below image which will pop up a new tab.

Now we will get a reverse shell in our kali machine and we will type w to view users and we can be sure that we got a reverse shell of bWAPP in our machine.

We have one more payload named Web Shell we will download on our pc.

After the PHP file is downloaded upload the shell as we did in the above case and then we will click here after uploading and a new tab will open up in which we got a shell. We will type w to print users of the shell.

TTY Spawn Shell

TTY stands for TeleTypewriter. It will happen many times that you got a shell but you are not able to interact with it or you are facing issue in interacting with it, so for that purpose, we can spawn a TTY shell to interact with the shell more easily. Let’s see how we can obtain TTY shell on our already captured parrot shell.

First, we will copy our payload from the extension

Now we will paste this command in our reverse shell and we will see that we have got a TTY shell successfully.

Useful Linux Command

When you have got a reverse shell or you found out that OS command injection is possible and the server is Linux then you can use this extension which provides us with useful Linux commands that can help in gaining some crucial information.

Let us have look over some useful Linux command for attacking. So, turn on your bWAPP again and choose OS Command injection with the security level set to low.

We will get the page as below and we will click on lookup to see what is the normal output:

Now we will check if server is Linux or not for which we will be typing “;ls”

After pressing the lookup button, we found out that we were able to list out the files that are present on the server. So by this, we can see that the command after metacharacter which is “;” in this case is executed. So this tells us that OS command injection is possible and the server is using Linux.

By this, we are clear that OS command injection is possible. So, we will be using some Linux commands to get information about the host. We will copy the below command.

We will now enter the command as  ;cat /etc/*-release and click on Lookup, and we will notice that we got on what version this web application is operating on.

Now let’s try to get the kernel version by copying the below command.

We will be inserting the command in the field as ;uname -a and click on Lookup and get the following output from it.

PowerShell Handy Commands

Like Linux commands there is also an option for Windows PowerShell commands. If you got the control of the CMD then you can use this option to take out crucial information like system info, WLAN enumeration, HTTP download, active directory enumeration. In short, it contains all the commands that you will require to dig deep into the PowerShell to get crucial information.

File transfer

There are various methods present that can be used to upload or download a file to the remote machine. Let see an example of this

Let us try to send a file from one machine to another machine. First, we will set the IP and the port number of the receiving machine. In this example, I will be transferring file from parrot machine to kali machine so we will be entering the IP address of kali machine and its port on which we will be receiving the file and also the file name that we will be transferring which is ignite.txt in this case. Let’s first see what is the file content of ignite.txt.

Then we will finalize our field in the extension.

Now we will copy Netcat commands as we will be using Netcat in this demonstration.

We will do ls to check if there is any file present or not and then save the file as ignite.txt so, for that, we have replaced file_saved with ignite.txt in our kali machine.

We will be pasting our payload for transferring ignite.txt using Netcat which is on my Parrot OS machine.

We will see on our kali machine that a connection is established and we will notice that we got a file named ignite.txt and when we view its content it is the same as the original file on parrot machine,

Local File Inclusion

Using Local File Inclusion vulnerability an attacker tries to trick web-application by including files that are present locally in the server. This vulnerability exists when its PHP file contains functions such as “include”, “require”, “include_once”, “require_once”. We will be now seeing LFI exploitation using hacktool. Let us do a hands-on of LFI for which we need bWAPP with Remote & Local File Inclusion (RFI/LFI) of which security level is set low.

We will click on Go and then we will observe in the URL that we got language as an exploitable field. Language is an exploitable field as the exact PHP file was reflected in the URL which gave us an idea that we can trick the web-application to show us some internal files present in its server.

We will pick a payload from LFI in the option present in Hacktool.

Now we will copy-paste this in the URL as shown below and hit enter and will get the result as follows. In the field, we got hostname of the server which is bee-box in this case.

Cross-Site Scripting

Cross-Site Scripting often abbreviated as “XSS” is a client-side code injection attack where malicious scripts are injected into trusted websites. XSS occurs over in those web-applications where the input-parameters are not properly sanitized or validated which thus allows an attacker to send malicious Javascript codes over to a different end-user. So, HackTool provides us with an option to exploit this vulnerability. 

Let us perform exploitation on XSS-Reflected (GET) on our bWAPP application with the security level set to medium.

We will type the first name and last name and then will click on Go and observe the default output.

Now let’s pick up a payload from Hacktool

Now we will paste this payload in the First name field while keeping the last name field unchanged, we will press Go

We will observe that we got a popup saying XSS.

SQL Injection

SQL is a language that is used to communicate to the database. SQL injection is injecting SQL queries in a web-application to trick them to reveal the data that is stored in the database. In this extension, there is an option for SQL injection.

Now let us have a look at how we can use hacktool for SQLi.

We will be using vulnweb for this purpose. You can access this lab by clicking over here

Now we will select a payload from Hacktool plugin as can be seen in the following image.

Now we will paste this payload into username and password field and then we will press Login

Hurray!!! We have successfully logged in to the account.

Base64 Encoder/Decoder

You will find out that there are many places where base64 encoding is used or takes entry only in base64 encoding. This extension has inbuilt base64 encoder and decoder to help you encode or decode a string right away instead of going to other tools.

Hash Generator

Hashes are usually used to check if the file that we got is the same or is altered. It helps in maintaining the integrity of a file. This extension provides us to check MD5 hashes, SHA256 hashes, SHA1 hashes, SHA512 hashes and SM3 hashes.

URL Encoder/Decoder

URL encoding is used in many places nowadays. You can decode a URL encoded string to a string or encode a string to encoded string using this option.

Hexadecimal Encoder/Decoder

This extension also provides an option to convert hexadecimal string to a normal string or from normal string to hexadecimal string.

Template injection (SSTI)

This extension has an option for template injection. Template injection that is present in this extension is for Flask/Django websites only. Template injection is injecting user inputs unsafely inside the template being used by the website. Unsafe input in the template results in Server-Side Template Injection.

Exploit feed RSS

It contains the websites from where you can search for vulnerabilities, exploits for services, security article, etc. so that you can target the attack more effectively.

Conclusion

This extension provides us with the cheat sheets of various web application attacks possible. Along with the cheat sheets it provides us with the shells that you can use without even knowing what’s inside that payload to carry out the attack. This tool is helpful if we are testing at the basic level but if we will be using this extension for advanced level then you should have some internal knowledge that how it is working and what you need to change to make it work. It also provides various encoders and decoders that will help you encode and decode the strings using that extension only without going to any other site or using any other tool.

Author: Naman Kumar is a cyber security enthusiast who is trying to gain some knowledge in the cybersecurity field. Contact here.


Source: Hacking Articles

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